The stone above is Turquoise – a copper aluminum silicate. Blue tones are caused by copper, while green shades are caused by inclusion of iron. Turquoise has perhaps the oldest history of any stone, dating back some 5000 years to its mining in Iraq. For a thousand years, the stone has been used by the indigenous peoples of North America. The Navajo used it to bring rain; the Zuni used it as protection against evil; and the Apache thought it enhanced their weapons’ accuracy. In Tibet it is a stone of action and protection. Metaphysical thought considers it a stone to promote communication and spiritual growth. It is also thought to have considerable healing properties. It is thought to align and cleanse all the chakras, but is efficacious in particular to the Throat chakra.

Copper is known as a good conductor of energy, as well as a balancing metal that works with the flow of projective and receptive energies. Copper is known to Shamans and Healers to be a metal that balances the body’s polarities, thereby removing blockages which are responsible for illness or imbalance. Copper is healing for the mind, body and spirit. It provides a harmonic connection between the physical and astral bodies and also can align the subtle bodies. It has been used to amplify and transmit thought and healing energy. Copper has been used with stones and crystals it helps to align the stone’s individual energy field (since every stone has it’s own properties). It has also been used to create a unique balance of energy, by combining stone and copper, which remains solely unique to the individual using it. It can assist in combating fatigue and lethargy, restlessness and non-acceptance of ones self.

The pretty purple stone above is Amethyst – A member of the quartz family with the addition of iron and aluminum. It is the birthstone for the month of February. Its chief qualities are those of enhancing spiritual awareness, transformation, purification and cleansing. It is connected with the 6th and 7th chakras, the Third Eye and the Crown.

What is Patina? The earrings above are made with a copper round with a green finish called patina.  The green patina that forms naturally on copper and bronze, sometimes is called verdigris. In clean air environments, the patina is created by the slow chemical reaction of copper with carbon dioxide and water producing a the beautiful green mottled finish.

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